Friday, January 29, 2010

CONDITIONALS

  • ZERO CONDITIONAL
Form:
If - clause: Present Simple
Main-clause: Present Simple

Use:
a general truth or situation

e.g.
If you heat water, it boils.
  • FIRST CONDITIONAL
Form:
If - clause: Present Simple
Main-clause: will + bare infinitive / can, may, might, should, ought to + verb / imperative

Use:
sth possible to happen in the future

e.g.
If I tell you the secret, Anna will/may be furious.
If you see John, tell him to call me.
  • SECOND CONDITIONAL
Form:
If - clause: Past Simple
Main-clause: would, could, might, should, ought to + bare infinitive

Use:
sth what is unlikely to happen in the future or a hypothetical situation

e.g.
If I were rich, I would buy a villa in Dubai.
  • THIRD CONDITIONAL
Form:
If - clause: Past Perfect (had + p.p.)
Main-clause: would (or modal) + have + p.p.

Use:
sth that could have happend differently in the past

e.g.
If you had brought a map, we wouldn't have been lost.
  • MIXED CONDITIONAL
Form:
If - clause: Third conditional (If + Past perfect)
Main-clause: Second conditional (would + verb)

Use:
the result of a past action to the present

e.g.
If you had eaten that sandwich, you wouldn't be hungry now.

4 comments:

  1. wooow...this post recalls to my memory amazing teaching hours with your teacher!
    I think it's about time to start a revision...haha...:)

    ReplyDelete
  2. You had better start a revision Mr know-all because you will be sitting the ECPE exams really soon! (No, that was not a threat...) :-)

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  3. I almost forgot! Take a look at this, too, Joanna (and George!). It is aimed at kids mostly but it is fun!

    http://markaki-students.blogspot.com/2010/02/conditionals.html

    ReplyDelete
  4. Haha!Very nice presentation!!!

    ReplyDelete